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Tuesday, 06 February 2018 19:22

Can Kidney Stones Be Prevented?

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Can Kidney Stones Be Prevented?

Kidney stones are a common condition that will affect 1 out of 10 people at some point in their lives, most likely past the age 40. While the hard deposits of minerals and acid salts that stick together in concentrated urine and pass through the urinary tract can be very painful, they usually don't cause permanent damage.

The most common symptoms are severe abdominal pain and nausea, but may also include:

  • Severe pain in the side and back, below the ribs.
  • Cloudy and strong smelling urine
  • Pink or red urine
  • Pain during urination
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Frequent urination in small amounts

You should see your doctor is you experience any of the following symptoms:

  • Severe pain
  • Pain that results in nausea and vomiting
  • Pain that includes fever and chills
  • Blood in your urine
  • Difficulty passing urine

Taking pain relievers and drinking a lot water can help alleviate the pain and pass the stone. If the stones cannot be passed, medical procedures may be needed to break up larger stones.

Treatment includes pain relievers and drinking lots of water to help pass the stone. Medical procedures may be needed to remove or break up larger stones.

What Causes Kidney Stones?

There are many factors that can contribute to kidney stones, and there is no single, definitive cause. A family history of kidney stones can increase your risk. Certain metabolic disorders can make an individual more prone to the buildup of substances that cause the crystals to stick together, causing stones to form.

Dietary factors, including high levels of vitamin D and Oxalate, which is a naturally occurring substance found in food and produced by the liver. A diet that is high in protein, high levels of sodium and sugar may increase the risk for certain types of kidney stones.

Preventing Kidney Stones

According to the Mayo Clinic, kidney stones can be successfully treated by analyzing urine samples in the lab and pinpointing the cause. With dietary changes and in some cases medication, the risk of new stones developing can be reduced by 90%.

Several dietary changes are known to help reduce kidney stones, including:

  • Drinking more water
  • Eating foods rich in calcium
  • Reducing sodium (salt)
  • Eating less animal protein
  • Avoiding vitamin C supplements
  • Eater fewer foods that have high oxalate content (found in certain fruits and vegetables, as well as nuts and chocolate)



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