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How Your Thyroid Affects Your Health

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How Your Thyroid Affects Your Health

The thyroid gland is one of the largest endocrine glands in your body. Located inside the neck right below the larynx, the thyroid plays an important role in producing the hormones that control nearly every function in the body. It plays a key role in a child's growth and controls your metabolism and weight level by regulating the fat-burning process.

When the thyroid stops functioning normally, hormone secretion can be thrown out of balance, leading to serious health consequences. Because hormones produced by the thyroid interact with other hormones, including insulin, cortisol, estrogen, progesterone, and testosterone, thyroid problems are associated with many symptoms and diseases. Serious health conditions like fibromyalgia, acne, eczema, infertility, and autoimmune diseases can occur when the thyroid gland is not functioning normally.

Hypothyroidism

When your thyroid produces too little thyroid hormone, it's called hypothyroidism. Iodine deficiency is one cause of hypothyroidism.

Symptoms of hyperthyroidism include:

  • Feeling restless or irritable
  • Poor quality of sleep
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Irregular or lack of menstrual periods in women
  • Frequent bowel movements
  • Weight loss
  • Rapid, forceful, or irregular heartbeat
  • Protruding eyes

Untreated hyperthyroidism can lead to heart problems like atrial fibrillation, cardiomyopathy, angina, and heart failure. Hyperthyroid women can potentially have difficulty giving birth.

There are several causes of hyperthyroidism. Graves' disease is the most common cause of hyperthyroidism and is caused when the immune system produces an antibody that stimulates the entire thyroid gland; this leads to overactivity and higher levels of thyroid hormones.

Read 116 times Last modified on Wednesday, 01 November 2017 22:56
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